Treatment for Fentanyl Abuse
The Opioid Crisis first began in the late 1990s with high prescription opioid rates, but has evolved throughout the decades to, most recently, include the rise of abuse of synthetic opioids and fentanyl addiction. The third wave of the Opioid Epidemic began in 2013 and, with fentanyl at the forefront, has become the most deadly. In 2021, there were 80,411 opioid-related overdose deaths, this is primarily attributed to synthetic opioids, most notably fentanyl.
What is Fentanyl?
Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid. It is approved by the Food and Drug Administration to be used for pain relief and as an anesthetic. There are two different types of fentanyl: pharmaceutical and illicit. Pharmaceutical, as the name suggests, is prescribed by doctors for treating pain while illicit fentanyl is created and distributed through illegal drug manufacturers to capitalize on its abuse potential.
Is Fentanyl Addictive?
Fentanyl is an incredibly potent and addictive substance which means it has strong potential for abuse and addiction. To maximize profits and enhance euphoric effects, illegal drug manufacturers often will mix fentanyl with heroin, cocaine, and other drugs, to create a more deadly drug cocktail. This leads to an increase in overdose deaths as many do not know what they are taking.
Common Fentanyl Effects
Using fentanyl leads to a number of effects. Some of the most common effects of fentanyl include:
- Feelings of euphoria
- Pain relief
- Respiratory depression
Along with these, fentanyl use can lead to a number of dangerous side effects and problems.
Fentanyl Side Effects
One of the most obvious and concerning side effects of fentanyl is overdose. Some of the most common effects of fentanyl overdose include:
- Decreased pupil size
- Clammy skin
- Respiratory depression
- Respiratory failure
- Loss of consciousness
If you notice these opioid overdose effects from your loved one who has taken fentanyl or laced substances, call 911 and get emergency services immediately.
Once an individual becomes addicted or builds a physical dependence on fentanyl, they will begin to experience withdrawal when the drug is no longer in their system.
Fentanyl withdrawal Symptoms
According to the National Library of Medicine, some of the most common symptoms of opioid withdrawal include:
- Increased anxiety
- Sweating and fever
- Muscle pain
Along with these less dangerous problems, some of the later symptoms that can be more severe include:
- Abdominal cramps
While these symptoms can be dangerous, and even life-threatening in certain cases, there are fentanyl withdrawal treatment options to help people overcome the initial symptoms of withdrawal and get through the early stages of sobriety before focusing on their long-term recovery.
The best way that people can treat fentanyl withdrawal, and withdrawal in general, is through a medically monitored detox program. During a fentanyl detox, clients will be monitored 24/7 as they go through the stages of fentanyl withdrawal. This is done to ensure that clients do not have withdrawal symptoms that exacerbate in life-threatening situations.
Some detox programs elect to use medication-assisted treatment options to help ease the withdrawal symptoms and make them less uncomfortable. Some of the most common forms of MAT used during fentanyl detox include buprenorphine and methadone. That said, some treatment programs utilize substance-free approaches to detox
Whatever the situation, the most important thing is to find a fentanyl detox program near you that can provide you or your loved one with the support you need to overcome this initial stage of sobriety and prepare them for the later stages of addiction treatment.
Alcohol withdrawal can last up to 7 days and even longer in some cases.
How Long does it Take to Detox from Fentanyl?
A fentanyl detox program will generally last up to 10 days to ensure a client is stabilized and safe before moving on to the next stages of addiction treatment.
Fentanyl Addiction Treatment
Following a detox program, people who are looking to get help for a fentanyl addiction problem can begin treatment at inpatient rehab centers. During time in a residential rehab, clients will go through various evidence-based and experiential therapies to help them learn more about their addiction and the underlying causes of their problem. These can include both individual therapy sessions and group therapy as well as family therapy sessions that can help your family members learn how to support you or your loved one's recovery
After establishing this foundational knowledge, clients will work with clinicians to help them reverse their thought processes surrounding drug abuse to help them learn how to avoid the substances in the future and reduce risk of relapse.
Along with this, clients will go through other types of treatment such as holistic treatment that can include exercise regimens, meditation, as well as things like Tai Chi or even equine therapy. All of these can be used to improve mental health, a common underlying cause of addiction.
Generally, inpatient treatment lasts about 30 days with options to extend if needed. After a stay at an inpatient facility, men and women can move down the levels of care from partial hospitalization programs to intensive outpatient programs to sober living facilities depending on each client’s situation. All of these levels of care are in place to help make each client’s transition back to their normal life as seamless and easy as possible.
Fentanyl Rehab at Reflections
If you are looking for help for a fentanyl addiction problem, Reflection is a state-of-the-art rehab in the Bay Area that can help you or a loved one conquer all forms of drug abuse, including opioid and fentanyl addiction.
At Reflections, our staff of addiction experts, ensure that every client has a personalized treatment plan filled with evidence-based treatment options that are tailored to their specific situation. This helps clients stay committed to the program and makes sure that all treatment is relevant and conducive with their long-term goals.
Along with these custom treatment plans, we also have specialized treatment tracks for business executives or LGBTQ+ clients as well as private rehab options to ensure that every client feels welcome, safe, and comfortable during their time in our Northern California rehab program.